Your AFCI breaker trips due to hazardous sparking, helping to protect you from electrical fires.
Common reasons for your AFCI breaker trips include incompatibility, faulty devices, damaged or faulty wiring, and overloaded circuits.
Identify the problem by isolating the device or circuit that’s having issues.
Incompatible devices and overloaded circuits are generally easy to fix, but an electrician should handle faulty or damaged wiring.
Unlike other circuit breakers, an arc fault circuit interrupter (AFCI), or arc fault breaker, helps detect and limit hazardous sparking. You’ll know your AFCI breaker trips when outlets on that circuit no longer work. Your breaker can malfunction due to a frayed electrical cord, an incompatible device or appliance, improper wiring, or something as simple as a nail put through a wire.
Your arc fault breaker tripping signifies that something needs to be repaired or removed from the circuit. To keep you, your family, and your home safe from any possible electrical fire, find out why your arc fault breaker keeps tripping. Learn how to find and fix the issue—and know when it’s best to call an electrician.
1. Incompatible Appliances or Devices
If you have older appliances or devices that produce a certain mechanical arc pattern, they might be incompatible with your AFCI breaker. If it’s a well-loved appliance like your grandma’s space heater or you notice the device doesn’t work as well as it used to, it may be time to replace it. Appliances that could trip your breaker include vacuum cleaners, printers, power tools, treadmills, or even fluorescent lights. Most newly engineered devices will work with your arc circuit breaker, but be mindful of older appliances that might trip the breaker.
2. Faulty Appliances or Devices
Beyond incompatibility, you might have a faulty device, such as a lamp with a damaged cord. Check to see if your devices are plugged into the socket all the way, as lack of full contact can generate a spark that trips your breaker.
3. Damaged Wiring
Your arc fault breaker tripping could be due to something as minor as hanging a picture on the wall and unknowingly putting a nail through a wire—or even a rat chewing at a wire inside your wall. This can cause sparking to happen, which then trips the breaker.
4. Faulty Wiring
You might have issues with your wiring, whether it’s loose, exposed, or an outlet that’s wired improperly. Improper wiring or wiring insulation can lead to ground faults and short circuits. These problems are usually best detected and fixed by an electrician near you.
5. Electrical Overload
Like any other breaker, an arc circuit breaker can trip if there’s too much electrical usage on a single circuit and it overheats the wires. Perhaps you plugged in a power tool on the same circuit with your washer, dryer, and microwave, and it’s too much for the circuit to handle.
Wires can manage a certain amount of amperage or current, but it's not safe once you exceed that level. Your breaker will trip, so stop overloading the circuit, as it could cause an electrical fire. Instead, ask an electrician to add an additional circuit to separate some of your appliances.
6. Overheating Breaker
If your breaker has poor contacts or connections, it might overheat and trip. If left unresolved, an overheated breaker could start an electrical fire.
How to Troubleshoot
The best way to figure out what is tripping your arc fault breaker is to isolate the issue by taking all the following measures:
Unplug everything in the circuit.
Plug in and turn on one device at a time to determine what outlet, light, or device trips the breaker.
Check to see if each device has a faulty or broken cord, if it's plugged in all the way, and if it’s compatible with the AFCI breaker.
Reset the circuit breaker or put less strain on the circuit. You may need to plug your power tool or vacuum into an outlet on a different circuit.
Once you isolate the issue, you can determine if you can fix it yourself, need to replace a device, or hire an electrician to help. If you don’t find the issue in an appliance, electrical device, or overloaded circuit, the problem is likely related to wiring. Call an electrician who can safely look at your junction boxes, outlets, switches, and wiring to see what the issue might be.
The electrician will also look at your AFCI breaker to see if you need to replace it, although the breaker itself isn't often the problem. You can avoid the cost of a new circuit breaker box if you have an electrician who looks thoroughly into the problem first.