8 Must-Know Tips for Maintaining a Vibrant Green Lawn

Sarah Coggan
Written by Sarah Coggan
Updated April 15, 2022
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Grow and maintain a green and healthy lawn

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Lush green grass can be a source of pride for homeowners. Luckily, maintaining a healthy lawn is easier than it may seem. With routine care and consideration, you can have a thriving landscape with bragging rights. Follow these eight tips for a green and healthy lawn.

1. Water Your Lawn Thoroughly When Dry

Watering your lawn is one of the most important ways to maintain it. A thorough watering contributes to deep and strong roots, which are the key to grass health. The stronger the roots, the more nutrients your grass will get. The best times for lawn watering are in the early morning before sunrise or in the evening after sunset.

Allow your soil to dry completely before watering again. You want to water well and regularly, but not too often. Depending on the season, you may need to water as frequently as once a week. Check on your soil more frequently during spring and summer, especially in the case of a drought.

2. Dethatch and Aerate Your Soil 

Dead grass and roots can form thick barriers over the soil, preventing new grass from growing. These are called thatches, and while microorganisms often break them down, they can prevent lawns from becoming healthy by blocking sun and water from being absorbed into the roots. Thatches can harbor harmful pests as well. You can dethatch your lawn with a sturdy rake.

If you find that your soil is hard and compacted, water or sunlight may not be penetrating it. Aerating the soil will increase nutrient absorption, leading to a healthy lawn. You can create two 1/2-inch holes yourself or use a mechanical aerator for large areas.

3. Keep Your Grass High and Your Mower Blades Sharp

A higher lawn is a healthy lawn. You should set your lawnmower to the highest setting to keep your lawn 3 inches or taller. Longer grass allows for deeper roots, which are vital for a green lawn. Avoid cutting more than 1/3 of the grass' height at any one time.

Routinely monitoring your lawnmower will ensure you cut the grass precisely each time you mow. Dull blades will tear grass, resulting in frayed brown edges.

4. Mix Up Your Mowing Pattern

In addition to cutting your grass on the highest setting, change your mowing pattern each time you mow. Switching the direction will create an even and uniform lawn that is healthier and aesthetically pleasing.

5. Feed and Fertilize Your Lawn Regularly

A man fertilizing the lawn
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Keeping your lawn green will require regular nutrients. Well-fed lawns will produce thicker grass that cools the soil and prevents weeds. You can easily feed your lawn by leaving grass clippings to compost and release vital nitrogen. 

Additionally, you can apply pre-emergent weed and feed in the spring to keep a healthy lawn and prevent weeds. You should follow up with a regular weed and feed treatment after eight weeks.

You can also use fertilizer to maintain a healthy lawn. Fertilizer mixes include nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, typically in a 3:1:2 ratio. Organic fertilizers will improve soil health and keep your lawn green naturally.

6. Overseed Sparse Areas

Dense grass looks good, deters pests, and keeps weeds at bay by eliminating the space they need to grow. If your lawn is browning or dying due to pests or the elements, overseeding offers a solution for improving lawn health. 

Overseeding by regularly spreading grass seeds will create a lush green lawn. The best time to apply seed is in late summer or early fall, but this may vary depending on your region.

7. Replace Dead or Damaged Sod

For smaller problem areas, you can replace the sod entirely. Remove the damaged section of grass and rake the soil underneath. Apply compost so that the current grass dies, then apply topsoil if needed. Roll out the new section of sod and firmly press it into the ground so that its roots can continue to grow. 

For grass patches that are suffering from foot traffic, consider removing the section and replacing it with a stone tile walkway. Using stones or tiles will save you from constantly refreshing an area of sod.

8. Hire a Lawncare Professional

Should you feel that your lawn needs additional support, consider hiring a lawn care expert. They can test your soil and tailor-make an action plan to address the needs of your yard. With assistance, you can have the green and healthy lawn you desire.

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